habituate

habituate, accustom, addict, inure mean to make used to something.
Habituate distinctively implies the formation of habit through repetition
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by constant practice she habituated herself to accurate observation

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to habituate our-selves, therefore, to approve . . . things that are really excellent, is of the highest importance— Arnold

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language blunter than the protected executive ears were habituated to— S. H. Adams

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a generation habituated to regard properly inscribed paper as the principal, if not the only, symbol of wealth— G. W. Johnson

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Accustom implies adjustment to something by frequent or prolonged experience or by constant exposure
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accustom oneself to cold

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accustom students to severe criticism

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this opportunity to accustom the girl to sea life by a comparatively short trip— Conrad

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To accustom oneself to nagging is to become inured to nagging by another person; to habituate oneself to nagging is to form the habit of nagging others. Sometimes accustom also connotes reconciliation by overcoming one's resistance or distaste
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gradually accustomed his ears to the din of the factory

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Addict, which is used chiefly in a reflexive construction or in the passive, adds to habituate the implication of overindulgence or surrender to inclination
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the Japanese as a nation are addicted to sight-seeing— Faubion Bowers

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addicted to study

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he has always . . . been addicted to prefacing his poems with quotations and echoing passages from other poets— Edmund Wilson

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and frequently refers to bad habits
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addicted to gambling

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a man gross . . . and addicted to low company— Macaulay

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Hugh tried to protest and to explain that he was not addicted to the habit of drinking— Anderson

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and specifically to compulsive use of habit-forming drugs.
Inure is a somewhat formal word that is a close synonym of accustom
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a man inured to hard physical labor— G. W. Johnson

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but distinctively it may suggest a becoming callous or indifferent as a result of repeated exposure
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for men's minds have been inured to situations of measurable and surmountable danger— Romulo

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afraid that reality could not be endured unless the mind had been gradually inured to it— Krutch

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Analogous words: train, discipline, school (see TEACH): *harden, season, acclimatize, acclimate: *practice, exercise, drill

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Habituate — Ha*bit u*ate (h[.a]*b[i^]t [ u]*[=a]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Habituated} (h[.a]*b[i^]t [ u]*[=a] t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Habituating} (h[.a]*b[i^]t [ u]*[=a] t[i^]ng).] [L. habituatus, p. p. of habituare to bring into a condition or habit of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • habituate — habituate; dis·habituate; …   English syllables

  • habituate — [hə bich′o͞o āt΄] vt. habituated, habituating [< LL habituatus, pp. of habituare, to bring into a condition or habit of the body < L habitus: see HABIT] 1. to make used (to); accustom: often used reflexively [to habituate oneself to the… …   English World dictionary

  • Habituate — Ha*bit u*ate (h[.a]*b[i^]t [ u]*[asl]t), a. Firmly established by custom; formed by habit; habitual. [R.] Hammond. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • habituate — index discipline (train), inure (accustom), naturalize (acclimate) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • habituate — (v.) 1520s, from L. habituatus, pp. of habituare to bring into a condition or habit of the body, from habitus (see HABIT (Cf. habit)). Related: Habituated; habituating …   Etymology dictionary

  • habituate — [v] prepare, accustom acclimate, acclimatize, addict, adjust, break in, condition, confirm, devote, discipline, endure, familiarize, harden, inure, make used to, school, season, take to, tolerate, train; concepts 35,202 Ant. ignore, neglect …   New thesaurus

  • habituate — ► VERB chiefly Zoology ▪ make or become accustomed to something. DERIVATIVES habituation noun …   English terms dictionary

  • habituate — verb ( ated; ating) Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. to make used to something ; accustom 2. frequent 1 intransitive verb 1. to cause habituation 2. to undergo habituation < …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • habituate — verb To turn into a habit, to make habitual. He would eventually habituate his use of opiates. Syn: accustom, inure See Also: habit, habitual …   Wiktionary

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